Healthcare Informatics and Information Technology (SIGHealth)

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Track Chairs

Richard Klein, Florida International University,
Sweta Sneda, Kennesaw State University,

Track Description

The Healthcare Informatics and Information Technology track seeks to promote research into groundbreaking technology innovations and applications within the healthcare sector, while incorporating interdisciplinary theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches beyond the traditional information systems (IS) and healthcare information technology (HIT) disciplines. Information systems and technology (IT) innovations offer significant potential to transform the delivery of care, to improve the quality and efficiency of the healthcare system, to enhance interactions between patients/caregivers and providers, and to enable greater access to the latest advancements in treatments, among other accomplishments and outcomes. Academic efforts within the Healthcare Technology and Systems track should demonstrate novel work within the IS discipline as well as reference perspectives including computer science, economics, organizational behaviour, public policy, public health, software/electrical engineering, management, and strategy, among others. Completed research and research-in-progress topics might include, opportunities and challenges faced within the current healthcare sector; advances in healthcare information technologies (HIT), electronic health (e-health), telemedicine, and mobile health (m-health), among other innovative technological applications; as well as healthcare industry-specific issues related to traditional IS research concerns, including adoption and diffusion, systems design and implementation, and IS success.

Mini-Track 1: Role of Technology in Improving Healthcare Delivery Processes

Jim Ryan, Auburn University at Montgomery,
Linda Byrd, Auburn University,
Carmen Lewis, Troy University,
Yajiong Xue, East Carolina University,

Healthcare organizations redesign processes and implement various forms of information technology (IT) to increase productivity, lower costs, and improve the quality of care. Unfortunately, large health IT investments often do not achieve the expected levels of improvement for quality of care or cost reductions. Recognizing that significant improvements require more than just deploying IT, this mini- track seeks papers that investigate the role of IT in improving healthcare delivery processes and the opportunities and challenges in IT-enabled change in healthcare organizations. The mini-track is open to papers on the challenges of achieving benefits from information systems (IS) and IT in healthcare delivery, and how those benefits might best be achieved in and across a variety of healthcare settings (e.g., hospitals, ambulatory clinics, in the home). It is also open to a variety of research methods including qualitative, quantitative, and design science approaches. We are especially interested in interdisciplinary approaches, combining for example IT, process design, as well as managerial and policy initiatives. Because the national context affects health care delivery choices, we are also interested in multi-national studies.

Mini-Track 2: Innovations in Electronic Medical Records and Personal Health Records

Goody Leroy, University of Arizona,
Surendra Sarnikar, Dakota State University,

The importance of Health Information Technology continues to grow as health care organizations make significant investments in health information technology such as Electronic Health Records (EHR), Health Information exchanges (HIE), Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE), ePrescribing and Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS) among others. Most if not all of these systems rely on the ‘formal’ clinical records as entered by clinicians. However, in addition to these formal health records, many companies and creators of appliances, software and gadgets provide complementary and alternative record keeping systems, such as personal health records or health and fitness trackers which are increasingly used by patients and consumers. This mini-track focusses on EHR (in its many formal and informal formats) Innovations and Health IT tools and approaches for leveraging the information and infrastructure of the health records to solve complex healthcare problems. We welcome algorithm and system development work and empirical research in this area.

Mini-Track 3: Information Technology for Global Health

Joseph Tan, McMaster University,
Jim Ryan, Auburn University at Montgomery,
Michael S. Dohan, Lakehead University,

As global interconnectedness increases, the impact of health problems are not efficiently addressed from a purely national standpoint. Therefore, a concerted effort among governments, multidisciplinary efforts, and other institutions, in efforts that span national boundaries, is the new emerging approach to deal with these issues. This approach, known as Global Health, entails the use of a multidimensional approach to address transnational health issues, specifically including HIV/AIDS, rural healthcare service delivery, and other health issues affecting the world population. This minitrack will explore emerging trends for applying innovative Health IT solutions to improve general population and community healthcare across the globe, including low-cost, mobile and other emerging health technological applications. These solutions will provide a multinational perspective on the benefits of mobile health and other emerging information technologies and describes different examples and applications implemented. This minitrack will consider empirical research, reviews of current literature, theory, methodology, as well as relevant position papers.

Mini-Track 4: Healthcare Analytics

C. Derrick Huang, Florida Atlantic University,
Ravi S. Behara, Florida Atlantic University,
Jahyun Goo, Florida Atlantic University,
Chul Woo Yoo, Florida Atlantic University,

HIT and Big Data are among the most exciting and promising emerging information systems today, and Healthcare Analytics is at the intersection. With the accumulation of data in the vast deployment of HIT, it is expected that Big Data can help healthcare providers and policy makers navigate this treacherous territory. Further, in the U.S., the next stage of EMR implementation will shift towards the effective use of data, under the framework of Meaningful Use (Stage 2 and 3). Analytics can provide the basis on which better decisions can be made to move towards a healthcare system that addresses the combined objectives of lower costs, safe care, effective clinical outcomes, and high patient satisfaction. The need to build analytics competencies among practitioners and researchers is apparent.

Mini-Track 5: Service Systems for Wellness

Doug Vogel, Harbin Institute of Technology,
Xitong Guo, Harbin Institute of Technology,

Healthcare is in a state of global crisis and transition with no country in the world able to deal with the onslaught of chronic illness complications using traditional approaches. Fortunately, technology in general (and mobile devices in particular) provides an opportunity for new thinking and behavior change that extends beyond traditional treatment to embracing wellness in moving from disease treatment to disease prevention. Service Systems for Wellness are essential in providing support for sustained behavioral change. Technology can be the catalyst and enabler for innovative approaches to Service Systems for Wellness engaging key stakeholders in formulating strategy, collaborative action plans and feedback for sustained behavioral change. This mini-track seeks to address salient issues with examples from research in progress. Attention will focus on processes and data management as well as technology in the creation of Service Systems for Wellness that can meet a broad range of societal needs.

Mini-Track 6: Pharmaceutical Enterprise Systems and Supply Chain Management Systems

Ahmad Alibabaei, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,

Pharmaceutical industry processes have some specific characteristics, and Pharmaceutical supply chain is more complex rather than many of industries. Product characterization, regulatory requirements, cost considerations, quality assurance and compliance, different margin of patent products and generics and special storage condition of biopharmaceuticals are some of issues that influence organizational processes in pharmaceutical filed. In addition of mentioned items, some other issues such as new delivery methods including direct to patient (DTP) for some special drug affect managing the supply chain. Using Information Systems can have a significant role in handling these issues by managing and integrating data and information among the organization and its value chain. Therefore, designing and implementation of enterprise systems and supply chain management systems are very important in this era.

Mini-Track 7: Health Information Privacy and Security

Nancy L. Martin, Southern Illinois University Carbondale,
David T. Green, Governors State University,

This mini-track aims to highlight a wide range of research focused on the protection of health information. The type and number of organizations that handle health data is multifarious and growing. To complicate matters further, the use of technologies such as internet-connected medical devices and telemedicine is also on the rise. Furthermore, handlers of health data face a wide variety of complex regulatory compliance issues. For these reasons, the protection of health information is distinctive and merits a focused research effort. Research and results from this mini-track will bring light to unique data protection issues in healthcare. This mini-track encourages interdisciplinary research, a wide variety of approaches, and both completed and in-progress research papers.

Mini-Track 8: Medical Apps and Mobile Health (mHealth) Solutions

Nilmini Wickramasinghe, Deakin University,
Ton Spil, University of Twente,
John Zelcer, Epworth HealthCare,

Healthcare systems globally are contending with the monumental challenge of providing quality care to an aging populace in an environment of exponentially increasing healthcare costs (approximately 17% of GDP in US) with limited human resources. The objective of this mini-track is to identify appropriate, efficient and sustainable solutions to effect superior healthcare delivery by soliciting work-in-progress and completed research papers covering technical, organizational, behavioral, economical, and/or managerial perspectives on mobile Apps and mHealth solutions that: (1) assess the infrastructure issues towards supporting mHealth, (2) propose and/or evaluate the design, development, and implementation of successful mHealth applications, (3) assess the impact of mHealth applications on patients, doctors, healthcare organization, and society in general, (4) develop theories to better understand the phenomenon of mHealth and eHealth and (5) evaluate key barriers and facilitators such as policy, compliance to standards, privacy and security requirements.

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